Basic Rules of Blackjack


Blackjack is a casino game in which players compete against the dealer to make a hand of cards that totals as close to 21 as possible. There are a number of different ways to play the game and each table has its own set of rules and procedures for dealing cards, betting, and determining who wins. It’s important to understand the basic rules of blackjack before you sit down at a table.

Once all the players have placed their bets, the dealer will deal each player two cards – one face up and one face down. The players must then work out the value of their hands, trying to get as close to 21 as possible without going bust. If a player’s cards are higher than the dealer’s, they win the hand and are paid out 1x their original wager. If the dealer has a better hand, they sweep the player’s bet and the round is over.

Some casinos will pay 6 to 5 for Blackjacks instead of the traditional 3 to 2. This reduces the payout for a player with a Blackjack and increases the house edge. It is important to know which tables offer this rule before you place your bets.

During the early days of blackjack, Roger Baldwin, Wilbert Cantey, Herbert Maisel, and James McDermott – often referred to as the Four Horsemen of Aberdeen – developed the first reasonably accurate basic playing strategy for the game. Their work was published in 1956 and helped establish blackjack as a popular casino game.

Blackjack is played on a semi-circular table that can seat varying numbers of players (known as spots). The table is usually marked with a circle for each spot and a chip rack behind it. The dealer stands behind the chip rack.

The dealer deals each player two cards face up and then takes action based on the players’ hands. Generally, the dealer will draw to 16 and stand on all 17s (hard and soft). Players may ask for another card from the dealer if they are sure that it won’t increase their hand total beyond 21 and they don’t want to lose to the dealer.

A dealer can have a blackjack (a total of 21 in the first two cards) only when they have an ace and one of the picture cards or 10s. This is called a natural and is a big part of the reason why Blackjack has become so popular.

Blackjack dealers are required to practice active listening, which involves attentiveness and understanding. They must be able to explain the game’s objective, the values of the cards, and the player’s options for playing their hands. They must also be able to communicate with guests at the table and answer any questions they might have. In addition to verbal communication, blackjack dealers use nonverbal cues such as nodding and paraphrasing to signal that they are giving their customers their undivided attention. This is particularly important when a customer wants to discuss a strategy with the dealer.